Skip to main content

Bladder and Bowel Top Tips

This leaflet offers tips and advice on how to maintain a healthy bladder and bowel

  • Aim to drink 1.5-2 litres of fluid everyday spread throughout the day  
  • Do not restrict fluids as this will make your urine more concentrated which can irritate your bladder and make you want to go more frequently
  • Limit caffeine, alcohol and carbonated drinks 
  • Aim to go to the toilet to pass urine every 2-3 hours 
  • Take your time and try to relax when passing urine and ensure your bladder has emptied completely
  • Try to avoid ‘just in case’ visits to the toilet – your bladder may become lazy otherwise
  • If you wake frequently during the night to empty your bladder try to limit fluids 2-3 hours before going to bed 
  • Do not delay opening your bowels when you have the urge to do so
  • Try to raise your feet on a step when you sit on the toilet to open your bowels
  • Eat a well-balanced diet with at least 5 daily portions of fruit and vegetables  
  • Lead a positive lifestyle – stop smoking and aim to maintain a healthy weight with a BMI of 25 or less


Version 1.0 April 2020